Armenia

Armenia introduction

Armenia is situated in the south of Transcaucasia. To the north and east the Georgian and the Azerbaijan, while its neighbors to the west and south Turkey and Iran.

It has a territory 29,800 square kilometers. It is a mere 360 kilometers long and 200 kilometers wide, with most of its territory lying 1,000 meters 2,500 above sea level. Armenia’s highest mountain is Aragats (4,090 meters) whose jagged summit is snow capped all year round except for a short period in late summer.

Armenia is often described as “sunny” and it is a fact that the Ararat Valley has almost as much sunshine as Egypt – 2,700 hours a year.

The climate is dry and continental with hot summers and moderately cold winter. The temperature in July is steady +24o to 26o C, and -5o C in January.

Armenia has been dubbed a “geological museum” and for good reason. It has deposits of virtually all the minerals and rocks to be found in Earth’s crust – cooper, molybdenum, gold, polymetallic and iron ores, etc. Add to that the curative mineral water springs of which there are about a thousand.

More than 100 mountain lakes number in Armenia. Sevan is the world’s biggest lake at an altitude of almost 2,000 meters above sea level.

As a result, Armenia is an intriguing tourist destination. Numerous monuments and masterpieces of the ancient era and middle ages can be found throughout the country.

The 5,165 meter Mount Ararat, geographically located in Western Armenia (currently occupied by Turkey), is a national symbol of Armenia and is visible from much of the Southwest region.

Yerevan, the ancient capital of Armenia, extends you a warm and friendly welcome. It is one of the oldest cities in the world. The earliest recorded settlement there dates back to 782 BC. King Argishty I founded a fortress city in the north-eastern part of present-day Yerevan, with the following cuneiform inscription, «With the majesty of God Khald, Argishty, son of Menua, built up this inaccessible castle and named it Erebuni...»

Armenia is the first nation to officially adopt Christianity (early 4th century). In 405 Mesrop Mashtots, the scholar invented the Armenian alphabet, which is still in use today.