Armenia is situated in the south of Transcaucasia. To the north and east the Georgian
and the Azerbaijan, while its neighbors to the west and south Turkey and Iran.
It has a territory 29,800 square kilometers. It is a mere 360 kilometers long and
200 kilometers wide, with most of its territory lying 1,000 meters 2,500 above
sea level. Armenia’s highest mountain is Aragats (4,090 meters) whose jagged
summit is snow capped all year round except for a short period in late summer.
Armenia is often described as “sunny” and it is a fact that the Ararat Valley has
almost as much sunshine as Egypt – 2,700 hours a year.
The climate is dry and continental with hot summers and moderately cold winter. The
temperature in July is steady +24o to
26o C, and -5o C in January.
has been dubbed a “geological museum” and for good reason. It has deposits of
virtually all the minerals and rocks to be found in Earth’s crust – cooper,
molybdenum, gold, polymetallic and iron ores, etc. Add to that the curative
mineral water springs of which there are about a thousand.
than 100 mountain lakes number in Armenia. Sevan is the world’s biggest lake at
an altitude of almost 2,000 meters above sea level.
result, Armenia is an intriguing tourist destination. Numerous monuments and
masterpieces of the ancient era and middle ages can be found throughout the
5,165 meter Mount Ararat, geographically located in Western Armenia (currently
occupied by Turkey), is a national symbol of Armenia and is visible from much
of the Southwest region.
the ancient capital of Armenia, extends you a warm and friendly welcome. It is
one of the oldest cities in the world. The earliest recorded settlement there
dates back to 782 BC. King Argishty I founded a fortress city in the north-eastern
part of present-day Yerevan, with the following cuneiform inscription, «With
the majesty of God Khald, Argishty, son of Menua, built up this inaccessible
castle and named it Erebuni...»
Armenia is the first nation to officially adopt
Christianity (early 4th century). In 405 Mesrop Mashtots, the scholar invented the
Armenian alphabet, which is still in use today.